What is the Enhancing Oncology Model (EOM)? – Healthcare Economist


The Oncology Care Style (OCM) is useless. The Oncology Care Style was once a voluntary, selection cost fashion (APM), that “incorporated monetary and function responsibility for episodes of care surrounding chemotherapy management to most cancers sufferers.” OCM expired on the finish of June 2022, and will likely be changed via the Bettering Oncology Style. EOM is a additionally a voluntary fashion that may run for five years: July 2023 via June 2028.  [Note: Yes, there is a 1 year gap between the end of OCM and the start of EOM]

Like OCM, EOM permits each oncology doctor staff practices (PGPs) in addition to different payers (e.g., business payers, state Medicaid companies) to take part in EOM–the latter via multi-payer agreements. Like OCM, beneath EOM physicians are paid an extra per month rate to supply coordinated care to their most cancers sufferers. Like OCM, EOM will measure price for most cancers sufferers in line with six-month episodes of care the place the initiation of chemotherapy (or an identical focused treatments) would be the beginning level of the episode. Like OCM, EOM physicians are eligible for retrospective performance-based cost (PBP) in line with high quality of care and value financial savings all the way through those six month episodes of care (see EOM Reality Sheet, CMS slides). The way in which price financial savings bonuses and consequences are calculated are proven within the figures under.

There are seven varieties of cancers which might be incorporated in EOM. Those come with the next tumor varieties:

  • Breast most cancers,
  • Persistent leukemia,
  • Small gut/colorectal most cancers,
  • Lung most cancers,
  • Lymphoma,
  • More than one myeloma,
  • Prostate most cancers

Sufferers are attributed to PGP in line with in line with the proportion of analysis and control (E&M) services and products equipped between beginning chemotherapy and the 6-month episodes. The PGP will have to supply no less than 25% of all cancer-related E&M services and products all the way through the episode to be attributed the episode.

In contrast to the OCM program, then again, the EOM per month bills are much less beneficiant. Medscape studies that “the CMS Innovation Heart plans to chop the Per month Enhanced Oncology Products and services bills within the EOM via greater than part ($70 vs $160 for the OCM), however on the similar time, expects extra paintings from practices.” Word that the dually eligible people get an extra MEOS cost of $30 (i.e., $100 overall) per 30 days. The extra paintings contains further knowledge assortment equivalent to “selection of digital patient-reported results (ePROs), and screening for social wishes that can have an effect on remedy, equivalent to transportation problems and dietary wishes.” Whilst gathering those knowledge are unquestionably a excellent factor, it’s no longer transparent if EOM will supply enough investment for well being methods to assemble those knowledge. Additional, doctor staff practices will have to be offering “24/7 get entry to to a clinician, affected person navigation services and products.”

At the sure aspect, HHS has said that it'll “inspire different payers (e.g., business payers, state Medicaid companies) to align with its core ideas to advertise a constant means throughout payers and EOM contributors’ affected person inhabitants.” This is able to cut back the load on physicians, hospitals and well being methods to must care for other methods throughout other payer varieties.

High quality of care will likely be measured in line with the next domain names:

  • Affected person enjoy
  • Avoidable acute care usage
  • Control of signs toxicity
  • Control of psychosocial well being
  • Control of end-of-life care